Published on:

New York workers’ compensation penalties and fines are bankrupting small businesses

CLIENT ALERT: If you have received a penalty, a notice of judgment or fine by the WCB, check out our FAQs. Contact one of our experienced attorneys for a free telephone consultation. Our Workers Compensation Defense Lawyers have saved small businesses and homeowners over One Million dollars in workers compensation penalties and fines.

top.lawyers.arrive.mag.2011.jpgIn an effort to raise money in this recession, New York State has issued hundreds of penalties to small businesses for failing to have workers’ compensation insurance. In fact, the New York State Workers’ Compensation Board entered judgments against approximately 10,000 small businesses. These judgments are millions of dollars. While it is fair to penalize employers for failing to carry worker’s compensation insurance, the exorbitant amount of money that New York State is penalizing employers does not seem fair. For example, if a small business did not a carry worker’s compensation insurance policy which is typically approximately $500.00, New York State may have fined that same small business employer over $50,000.00 for this violation. Among the businesses hit with the judgment was Al Franken, former Star of Saturday Night Live and current Minnesota Senator. While there is an important policy reason for employers to carry worker’s compensation insurance to protect employees and so that the costs are proportionately spread among all employers, these level of draconian penalties are causing employers to close their operations and terminate any employees they may have had. In the end, employees are losing their jobs, small businesses are closing and New York State is stuck referring the judgments to debt collectors to collect these improbable amounts.

Under the New York State Workers’ Compensation Law, employers are required to carry insurance for employees for work-related accidents, injuries or illness. In general, if an employer has one full-time or part-time employee, the employer is required to obtain a workers’ compensation insurance policy. The following employers are exempt from coverage:

  • The business is owned by one person and said person holds all corporate office titles
  • The business is owned by two corporate officers and they hold all of the corporate office titles and are the only employees.
  • All businesses with three or more shareholders or corporate officers must have workers’ compensation insurance coverage and are not exempt.

In one of the hardest provisions for employers, if a well-intentioned family member (including a spouse or adult child) works for the business and even if the family member does not collect a salary, that family member is considered an employee by the Workers Compensation Board. The Workers Compensation Board strongly scrutinizes small businesses that utilize independent contractors and may consider them employees depending on the circumstances. Simply calling an individual an independent contractor is not a sufficient basis for not carrying worker’s compensation insurance coverage.


Under Section 52 of the New York State Workers’ Compensation Law, if an employer with more than five employees fails to carry a required workers’ compensation policy, it could be subject to a class E felony. If an employer with less than five employees fails to carry a required workers’ compensation policy, such failure shall constitute a misdemeanor. If an employer does not have worker’s compensation insurance and an employee suffers a work-related injury, the employer shall be responsible for all of the costs of the worker’s compensation claim including but not limited to the employee’s medical bills and compensation payments. These costs are in addition to the fines and penalties issued by the New York State Workers Compensation Board. Non-compliant employers are issued a penalty in the sum of $2,000.00 for each ten-day period it lacked coverage. See Section 52(5).

Employers who have received a “Notice of Penalty” or Judgment from the New York State Workers’ Compensation Board should immediately seek advice from experienced counsel. Our attorneys know the intricacies of the Workers’ Compensation Law and the Workers’ Compensation Board’s procedures and can assist you. Call now to speak with one of our New York Workers Compensation Defense Attorneys at (800) 893-9645.

Thank you for visiting our Blog. This blog provides general information and thoughts about various employment law issues primarily in the New York Tri-State area and occasionally in other areas. You are welcome to read the posts. However, do not construe any content on this blog as legal advice or the creation of an attorney-client relationship. Again, we provide the content only for informational purposes. You should not make decisions based information on our blog since the application of the law depends on the facts and each situation may be different. In addition, the law in most jurisdictions is different and changes constantly and we make no representations that any information on our blog has been updated. The Blog should not be used as a substitute for competent legal advice from an experienced employment law attorney in your state or jurisdiction.

Contact Information